Tag Archives: Cardiology

Stressful jobs are associated with a higher risk of Heart Rhythm Disorders

Having a stressful job is linked with a higher probability of suffering from a heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, the most nerve-racking jobs are psychologically insistent but give employees little control over the work condition – for example, assembly line workers, bus drivers, secretaries, and nurses. The research found that being stressed at employment was related with a 48% higher risk of atrial fibrillation, subsequent to adjustment for education, age, and sex.

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We require people to do the jobs but managers can help by making sure staffs have the resources necessary to complete the allotted tasks. Bosses should programme breaks and listen to employees’ thoughts on how the work itself and the job environment can be improved.” Atrial fibrillation is the most common heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia). Indications include palpitations, weakness, fatigue, feeling light-headed, dizziness, and shortness of breath.

Atrial fibrillation causes 20-30% of strokes overall and increases the jeopardy of dying prematurely. One in four middle-aged people in Europe and the US will be prone to atrial fibrillation. It is evaluated that by 2030 there will be 14-17 million patients suffering from atrial fibrillation in the European Union, with 120,000-215,000 new diagnosed each year.

Atrial fibrillation is a common condition with serious results and consequently it is of main public health significance to find ways of avoiding it. Little is recognized about risk factors for the disease and especially the role of the work environment.

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This research assessed the association between work stress and atrial fibrillation. The investigation included 13,200 members enrolled in the Swedish Longitudinal Word related Survey of Health (Slosh) in 2006, 2008, or 2010. Members were in employment and had no account of atrial fibrillation, heart attack, or heart failure. At revise inclusion, members completed postal studies on sociodemographics, lifestyle, health, and work-related factors.

Work pressure was defined as job strain, which refers to jobs with high psychosomatic demands combined with near to the ground control over the job situation. The investigation included five questions on job burden and six on controls – for example: Do you have to work very hard or very fast? Are there conflicting demands in your work? Do you have an adequate amount time to complete your work tasks? Does your work include a lot of recurrences? Can you make a decision on how and what to do at work?

 All through a median follow-up of 5.7 years, 145 cases of atrial fibrillation were acknowledged from national registers. In the universal working populace in Sweden, employees with stressful jobs were approximately 50% more likely to happen atrial fibrillation. The evaluated risk remained even later it was taken into account other factors such as smoking, leisure time physical activity, body mass index, and hypertension.” then pooled their results with two other studies on the same topic, and found that job strain was associated with a 37% increased the risk of atrial fibrillation. “Crossways studies there was a coherent pattern of work stress being a risk factor for atrial fibrillation,

Work stress has before has been linked with coronary heart disease. Work stress should be measured as an amendable risk factor for avoiding atrial fibrillation and coronary heart disease. Individuals who feel stressed at work and have palpitations or other symptoms of atrial fibrillation should see their consultant and speak to their manager about improving the condition at work.”

European guiding principle on the prevention of cardiovascular disease state that stresses at work contributes to the risk of causing cardiovascular disease and having a worse prognosis. Assessment of psychosocial risk factors is suggested in people who have or are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Rehabilitation of Cardiovascular Diseases and Healthcare

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Cardiac rehabilitation is a medically organized program for people who had been through cardiovascular diseases.

Cardiac rehabilitation is an option for people with many forms of heart disease. In particular, benefit from cardiac rehabilitation of medical history includes:

  • Heart attack
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Chest pain (Angina pectoris)
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Certain congenital heart diseases
  • Coronary artery bypass surgery
  • Angioplasty and stents
  • Heart or lung transplant
  • Heart valve repair or replacement
  • Pulmonary hypertension

Cardiac rehab has three equally important parts:

  • Exercise counselling and training
  • Education for heart-healthy living
  • Counselling to reduce stress

Four Major Phases of Cardiac Rehabilitation:

  • Acute Phase
  • Sub-acute Phase
  • Intensive Outpatient Therapy
  • Independent On-going Conditioning

Risks associated with Cardiac rehabilitation:

Cardiac rehabilitation isn’t appropriate for everyone who suffered heart disease. Patient’s healthcare team will evaluate their health, including reviewing their medical history, conducting a physical examination and performing tests, to make sure they are ready to start a cardiac rehabilitation program.

Rarely, people suffer injuries such as strained muscles or sprains, while exercising as a part of cardiac rehabilitation. Healthcare team will carefully monitor patient while exercise to lower this risk and will teach how to avoid injuries during exercise on their own. There is also a small risk of cardiovascular complications.

During cardiac rehabilitation

The first stages of most cardiac rehabilitation programs generally last about three months, but some people may be in programs for a longer period. In special situations, people may be able to do an intensive program that may last one or two weeks, several hours a day. During cardiac rehabilitation, patient will likely work with a team of healthcare professionals, which may include cardiologists, nurse educators, nutrition specialists, exercise specialists, mental health specialists, and physical and occupational therapists.

Cardiac rehabilitation includes:

  • Medical evaluation
  • Physical activity
  • Lifestyle education
  • Support

After cardiac rehabilitation:

Cardiac rehabilitation is a long-term maintenance program, and generally need to continue the habits and follow the skills adopted in the program for the rest of your life. After about three months, patient likely will have developed their own exercise routine.

Education about nutrition, lifestyle and healthy weight may continue, as well as counselling. To get the most benefits from cardiac rehabilitation, exercise and lifestyle practices should become lifelong habits.