Category Archives: Healthcare

Eating Disorder

EatingIf you are obsessed over food, body weight and shape, there might be a chance of having Eating Disorder. People often think that eating disorders are a lifestyle choice. But they are actually serious and often fatal mental illness and are an important cause of physical and psychosocial morbidity in an individual. According to various studies on eating disorders, the results found that the frequency of occurrence is much less in men as compared to adolescent girls and young adult women and a large proportion of eating disorder patients were exercising excessively during an acute phase of the disorder.

Types of Eating Disorders

They are divided into three diagnostic categories: Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge-eating disorder.

  • Anorexia Nervosa, characterized by inadequate intake of food. In this condition, people may have unrealistic perception of overweight, even when they are dangerously underweight and thus, they severely restrict the amount of food they eat, and eat very small quantities of only certain foods. It can lead to damaging health effects, such as loss of bones and skin integrity, increases the risk of heart attacks and related heart problems, brain damage, multi-organ failure, and infertility. The mortality rate is highest in this disease as compared to other mental disorders, either due to complications associated with starvation or the patient commits suicide.
  • Bulimia Nervosa, characterized by an excessive intake of food followed by compensatory behaviors for the overeating such as forced vomiting, excessive use of laxatives or diuretics, fasting, excessive exercise, or a combination of these behaviors. Although people usually maintain their relatively normal and healthy weight, but the irregular food behaviors can have injuring effects, such as chronically inflamed and sore throat, severe gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and various heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
  • Atypical eating disorders: There are many other types of eating disorders including Binge-eating Disorder (lack of control on eating), other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), Diabulimia, etc.

Cause of Eating Disorder

Although the cause of eating disorders is not clear but it seems like combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors plays an important role in the development of these illnesses.

  • A high proportion of individuals diagnosed with body dysmorphic disorder (way the person sees themselves) also had some type of eating disorder.
  • Biological conditions such as hormone irregularities and nutrition deficiencies can also lead to eating disorders.
  • The environmental factors include Dysfunctional family dynamic, aesthetically oriented sports, Professions and careers, childhood traumas and other stressful transitions.

Treatment for an Eating Disorder

People often ignore such conditions which then results in severe adverse effects. Because of severity and complexities of these conditions, it has become necessary to establish a comprehensive and professional treatment. Addressed with medical doctors, nutritionists, and therapists for complete care, the treatment includes:

  • Individual, group, and/or family psychotherapy
  • Medical care and monitoring
  • Nutritional counselling
  • Medications

Genetic regulation of metabolomic biomarkers: Paths to cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes

Diabetic

The research has revealed eleven new genetic regions associated with the blood levels of the metabolites, including new loci affecting well-established risk markers for cardiovascular disease and potential biomarkers for type 2 diabetes.

In a study to the genetic variance of human metabolism, specialists have identified thirty one regions of the genome that were related with levels of circulating metabolites, i.e., small molecules that take part in different chemical reactions of human body. Many of the studied metabolites are biomarkers for cardiovascular disease or related disorders, accordingly the loci uncovered may provide valuable insight into the biological processes leading to common diseases.

Lab tests used in the clinic typically monitor one or few circulating metabolites. The researchers used a high throughput method called nuclear magnetic resonance that can measure more than hundred different metabolites in one assay. This provides a considerably more in-depth picture of circulating metabolic compounds.

The group assayed 117 detailed metabolic markers, including amino acids, lipids and lipoprotein subclasses, and conducted the largest genome-wide association analysis of this type, in terms of study sample size of 8330 individuals and 7.7 million genomic markers studied. They revealed, in total, 31 genetic regions related with the blood levels of the metabolites.

Among the discoveries were two new loci influencing serum cholesterol subclass measures, well-established risk markers for cardiovascular disease, and five new loci affecting levels of amino acids recently discovered to be potential biomarkers for type 2 diabetes. The found variants have significant effects on the metabolite levels, the effect sizes being in general considerably larger than the known common variants for complex disease have.

Additionally, using twin pair samples, the scientists indicated that the metabolite levels show a high degree of heritability. This result suggests that the studied metabolites are describing better the underlying biology than the routinely used lab tests. In this way, the examination provides further support for the use of detailed data on multitude of metabolites in genetic studies to provide novel biological insights and to help in elucidating the processes leading to common diseases.

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2018: How is cerebral palsy different from autism?

World Cerebral Palsy Day 2018The word “cerebral” means that it has to do with the brain. The word “paralysis” means weakness or problems with the movement of the body. Cerebral palsy refers to a group of disorders that affect muscle movement and coordination in child. In many cases vision, hearing and sensation are also affected by these diseases. It is the most common motor disability in childhood and according to estimates, approximately 1 in 323 children have been identified with CP.

Signs and symptoms of cerebral palsy:

Baby 3 to 6 months of age:

  • The head falls backwards when it is lifted lying on its back
  • Feels rigid
  • Feeling floppy
  • It seems to extend too far back in the back and neck when cradled in someone’s arms
  • Legs stiffen and cross or scissors when they get up
  • Variations in muscle tone, such as being too loose or too stiff

Baby older than 6 months of age:

  • Does not turn in any direction
  • You cannot put your hands together
  • Has difficulty putting his hands to his mouth
  • It extends with one hand while holding the other fist.

Baby older than 10 months of age:

  • Creeps in a twisted way, pushing with one hand and leg while dragging opposite hand and leg
  • It moves on the buttocks or jumps on the knees, but does not crawl on four legs

Different types of cerebral palsy:

Spastic cerebral palsy: this is the most common type of disorder, affecting about 76.9% of all people with CP. Many people with spastic CP have gait abnormalities.

Cerebral dyskinetic paralysis: also known as dystonic and athetoid, is the second most common form of cerebral palsy, although it only affects about 2.6% of all cases of the disorder. People with this type of PC have problems controlling their body movements.

Hypotonic cerebral palsy: this disorder causes a decrease in muscle tone and excessively relaxed muscles. People with this type of PC also have difficulty speaking, poor reflexes and walking abnormalities.

How is cerebral palsy different from autism?

Cerebral palsy affects mainly the motor functioning of a child, while autism affects the normal development of the brain in areas such as social interaction, problem solving and communication. Autism covers a broad spectrum, from extremely mild symptoms to severe symptoms that can seriously affect daily life.

Dietary Fat Linked To Pancreatic Cancer

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A high-fat diet may advance the development of pancreatic cancer independent of obesity because of the interaction between dietary fat and cholecystokinin (CCK), a digestive hormone. In addition, blocking CCK may help anticipate the spread of pancreatic tumors to other regions of the body (metastases). CCK is released by the small digestive tract and is related to obesity. Dietary fat triggers the secretion of CCK; those who follow a diet high in immersed fats often have high levels of CCK. Past research has appeared that obesity and high-fat diets both together and independently increase the chance of pancreatic cancer. CCK too controls recovery that takes place after partial surgical removal of the pancreas. Pancreatic growth and regeneration occur through the interaction of CCK with CCK receptors, proteins that tie to CCK to produce a physiological reaction.

Identification of pancreatic cancer risk factors is of great significance since few people survive long after the determination. Pancreatic cancer is the 4th driving cause of cancer passing within the world. Impact of high unsaturated fat utilization epidemiologic literature on dietary fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk is conflicting, with a few studies finding an expanded chance of pancreatic cancer with higher total fat or saturated fat utilization and others appearing an expanded or reduced hazard of pancreatic cancer with higher particular saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid intakes. Other studies show no association with pancreatic cancer risk some studies have moreover appeared a positive affiliation for animal fat intake generally and particularly for fat from red meat and dairy. Dietary fat intake is especially challenging to study in relation to pancreatic cancer given the expanded undetectable stage of tumorigenesis and the dietary changes that can occur during this pre-diagnostic, but progressively symptomatic period. Studies that account for changes in dietary practices in the years prior to diagnosis are required to address the problem of reverse causation. The affiliation between fat intake and pancreatic cancer risk in a large, prospective cohort of men and women.

Men and women who consumed high amounts of total fats have 53% and 23% higher relative rates of pancreatic cancer, respectively, compared with men and women who had the least fat consumption. Excess body fat is one of the strongest components increasing risk for pancreatic cancer. Low-fat diet decreased the chance of pancreatic cancer among a targeted bunch of postmenopausal, obese women. Low-fat diet is especially viable in reducing pancreatic cancer hazard in overweight and obese postmenopausal women.

Relating Vitamin D Deficiency and Breast Cancer

vitamin d

Breast cancer remains the foremost common cancer in women worldwide and is that the leading reason behind death from cancer in women. Reproductive risk factors like early onset of puberty, late menopause, and later age initially pregnancy, never having been pregnant, obesity, and a family history have all been shown to be related to breast cancer development. The role of calciferol concentration within the development of breast cancer, however, continues to be debated.

Vitamin D is already well-known for its advantages in building healthy bones. A new study supports the concept that it additionally might cut back cancer risk as well as breast cancer mortality, particularly in women with a lower body mass index. This study involving over 600 Brazilian women suggests that vitamin D might scale back cancer risk by inhibiting cell proliferation. Study results seem within the article “Low pre-treatment serum concentration of calciferol at breast cancer diagnosing in postmenopausal women. “Researchers concerned within the study concluded that postmenopausal women had an augmented risk of calciferol deficiency at the time of their breast cancer diagnoses, associated with higher rates of obesity, than women of the same age group while not cancer. Similar studies even have previously demonstrated a relationship between calciferol and breast cancer mortality. Women within the highest mark of vitamin D concentrations, in fact, had a fiftieth lower death rate from breast cancer than those within the lower mark, suggesting that vitamin D levels ought to be restored to a standard range in all women with breast cancer.

“Although published literature is inconsistent regarding the advantages of vitamin D levels and breast cancer, this study and others counsel that higher levels of vitamin D within the body are related to lowered breast cancer risk,” says Dr JoAnn Pinkerton, executive of NAMS. “Vitamin D might play a job in dominant breast cancer cells or stopping them from growing. Calciferol comes from direct sunlight exposure, nutriment D3 supplements, or foods rich in vitamin D.”

Does Vegetarians Suffer from Obesity?

obesity-young-adult2Vegetarian diets may play a significant role in promoting health and in the prevention of obesity. Vegetarianism encompasses a range of eating patterns that are diets which leave out all animal products as well as meat to diets that include milk, eggs, fishes and milk products. A previous study has indicated that BMI increases when a wider range of animal products like meat or eggs are eaten. Specifically, the European Prospective Investigation found that BMI was highest in meat eaters, lowest in vegans, and was found to at intermediate level in fish eaters. The positive effects of vegetarian against overweight is may be due to restraining major food groups, shifting of calories toward food groups that are more fuller effect.

Research shows that cutting down on meat and switching to a diet rich in fruit and vegetables lowers the risk of obesity. People who prefer a diet heavy in meat, eggs, dairy and animal fats  are obese than the people who eat around double the amount of fruit and vegetables, grains, pulses, olive oil and who enjoy potatoes.

Professor Maira Bes-Rastrollo, from the University of Navarra in Spain, recently presented the study at the European Congress on Obesity in Porto. She claimed that plant-based foods contains more fibre and helped people feel fuller for longer thus preventing obesity.

Doubtlessly, plant based diets, especially vegans, have lower BMIs in general. Studies have proven that, on average, meat eaters are nine times the obesity rate of vegans. Vegans are 10-20 pounds less on average.

In one of the case study, it was found that the ubiquity of overweight was 40% among omnivores, 29% among both semivegetarians and vegans, and 25% among lactovegetarians.

Weight loss success is achieved only when the food choices reflect an overall decrease in calories taken and a corresponding increase in calories spent. These choices are referred to food and drink as well as the calorie expenditure.  But the good news is that turning vegetarian in a healthful way can help an individual to achieve this goal and keep obesity off long-term.

A serious outburst in tropical countries

Protect Your Child from Dengue3

What is Dengue?

Dengue is a viral infection spread by mosquitoes. It’s widespread in many parts of the world

These mosquitoes bite most often early in the morning or in the early evening. You can get it again if you’ve had it before, as you’ll only be immune to one variant of the virus.

How it effects?

Infected mainly through a bite from Aedes aegypti mosquito

This mosquito feeds and breeds in small man-made articles that contain water, rests inside buildings. 4

Dengue is caused by any one of four types of dengue viruses. When a mosquito bites a person infected with a dengue virus, the virus enters the mosquito. When the infected mosquito bites another person, the virus now enters healthy person’s bloodstream

Symptoms5

A common symptom in more severe cases is loss of platelets. In most people the infection is mild without causing any lasting problems. But in rare cases it can be potentially life threatening.

Why loss of platelets?

The virus infects cells of the human immune system, leading to symptoms that include liver damage and loss of white blood cells.

This is because of the following:

Dengue suppresses bone marrow which is the platelet-producing area, leading to decreased platelet count. Blood cells affected by dengue virus damage platelets, leading to their drastic fall in numbers. Antibodies produced in dengue also lead to massive destruction of platelets.6

Treatments

There’s no specific treatment or widely available vaccine for dengue. Treatment is rest, plenty of fluids and paracetamol for pain. Dengue usually resolves in one to two weeks. Especially in babies and young children, dengue may progress to dengue haemorrhagic fever.7

Best Foods to Recover from Dengue Fever

Papaya- Papaya leaves are the best option to go for

Broccoli -Excellent source of Vitamin K which helps to regenerate blood platelets.

Pomegranate- rich in essential nutrients and minerals that provides the body with required energy.

Can papaya leaves cure dengue?

Many health experts suggest papaya leaf juice as an effective remedy to treat dengue fever. The leaf extract increases platelet counts in the patients suffering from dengue.8

Acetogenin is a compound found in Papaya leaves have strong anti-malarial properties, making them best to cure dengue fever and malaria and Dengue

Don’t forget Chikungunya and Zika

Dengue, Zika, and Chikungunya are all carried by the pesky Aedes aegypti mosquito.

Is there any vaccine available for Dengue?

In 2016 a partially effective vaccine for dengue fever (Dengvaxia) became commercially available in 11 countries: Mexico, the Philippines, Indonesia, Brazil, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Guatemala, Peru, Thailand, and Singapore.

Sanofi’s vaccine designed to coax the body’s immune system into making antibodies against all the four forms of dengue.

How can we keep safe from dengue?

  • Personal protection and the environmental management of mosquitoes
  • Apply mosquito repellent, ideally one containing DEET
  • Cover your arms and legs by wearing long-sleeves and long pants
  • Use mosquito nets while sleeping

Over and over, nature shows that it’s a tough adversary. That’s why it’s important that we invest in laboratories, disease detectives, research, mosquito control, the public health system around the world to find, stop, track, prevent health threats.

Find more research advances in the diseases of children in our Pediatrics Diseases Session

On November 12-13 by our Honourable guests at Radisson Blu, Dubai Deira Creek

Explore Advancements in Pediatrics, Neonatal and Child Care

 

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Health Benefits of Cinnamon and Honey

hHistorically, cinnamon and honey were incorporated in ancient medical practices like to treat arthritis, diarrhoea, asthma, fever, menstrual problems and many more. The mixture of honey and cinnamon has many other benefits and can cure multiple diseases in human beings.

Benefits of cinnamon and honey:

  1. Enhances Immunity:

The ability of honey and cinnamon to boost and strengthen one’s immunity system has been well-known for hundreds of years. This striking combination can also be used to treat everyday illnesses such as the common cold and flu. This is mainly due to the antioxidants present in both honey and cinnamon which combine to eliminate free radicals from the body.

  1. Reduces the risk of heart disease:

Cinnamon is also a suitable replacement for sugar and salt as food flavouring which also makes it a crucial healthy heart alternative. These benefits of honey and cinnamon and cholesterol are backed by science.

  1. Good for diabetics:

Cinnamon, which contains antioxidant flavonoids act as an effective source of organic insulin. Also, honey does not cause blood sugar levels to fluctuate as artificial sources of sugar are known to do. This mixture is especially beneficial to people who have Type 2 Diabetes and can help control the effects of diabetes on the body.

  1. Infertility:

Consuming honey stimulates the ovaries and minerals that are responsible for reproduction. As for the cinnamon in the mixture, this spice was long discovered to improve menstrual cycles while also easing the most common cause of impotence. Regularly ingesting a mix of cinnamon and honey goes a long way in improving the reproductive health of both men and women.

  1. Helps treat and manage asthma:

Honey contains traces of pollen; it can trigger a person’s immune system hence causing it to produces antibodies. These natural antibodies become helpful in improving and alleviating the symptoms of asthma.

These two are also ideal for children as they have been known to boost their immunity and treat infections.

Can we get infections even from Hospitals?

18Healthcare-associated infections will happen throughout a patient’s hospitalization or when discharge from the medical care centers also. Organisms from HAIs may influence attention personnel and visitors. These infections will be caused within the hospital, home, rehabilitation centers, furthermore as extended care facilities. Immunocompromised patients, the aged and young children square measure typically a lot of inclined than others by the effect of microorganisms.

One of the foremost common wards wherever HAIs occur is that the medical care unit (ICU), wherever doctors treat serious diseases. As medical aid becomes a lot of advanced and antibiotic resistance will increase, the cases of HAIs can grow. the foremost common pathogens that because of health facility infections square measure cocci aureus, bacterial species like aeruginosa, and E. coli.19

Nosocomial infections which don’t seem to be simply restricted to microorganisms like bacteria, viruses and fungal parasites also. Commonest inflicting infections are Urinary tract infections (UTIs), Surgical site infections, intestinal flu, meningitis, and respiratory illness. Nosocomial infections are leads to emerging and re-Emerging Infectious Diseases. Infections could also be caused by microorganism acquired from another person within the hospital (cross-infection) or could also be caused by the patient’s own flora.

Approaches to Control and Prevention of the Nosocomial infections and parasitic diseases are includes correct personal hygiene and hand washing on a part of the hospital workers, complete sterilization of medical instrumentation, and providing a clean, hygienic atmosphere within the health care facilities.

Fat Burning Foods

16If you feel like making a smart move to control obesity or lose weight but can’t see the scale prove you right, it may be because your diet contains some devious foods that lead to bloating, water retention as well as higher calorie intake.

Boosting the metabolic rate helps in losing body fat. However, most “fat-burning” supplements on the market are either ineffective, or unsafe or both. Fortunately, several natural foods and beverages have been shown to increase metabolism and promote fat loss.

“People will go crazy and cut out whole food groups” says Nutritionist Jess Cording, R.D, “or they are really intense with exercise without refueling appropriately.  But it’s really important build in time and gives your body adequate calories and nutrients”.

The fat burning foods starts slimming your waistline. They build muscle, promote fat burning or simply use energy in order to digest them.

Certain foods have a very high thermogenic effect, so you invest calories as you chew. Other foods contain nutrients and compounds that speeds up the metabolic rate.

Some of the fat burning foods include almonds and other nuts with skins intact. They help in building muscle and reduce cravings. Eggs are known to build muscle and burn fat. Lean Meats strengthen immune system. Berries improve satiety and prevent cravings. Oranges and red vegetables provide health-boosting beta-carotene, fibre as well as phytochemicals. Peanut Butter boosts testosterone, builds muscle as well as burns fat. Fatty Fish such as tuna, salmon and mackerel trigger the feeling of fullness and aids in fat burning. Grapefruit lowers insulin, regulates blood sugar and metabolism. Green Tea fires up fat burners. Chilli Peppers spike your metabolism. Spinach and Green Vegetables improve recovery for better muscle building and fight free radicals. Whole-grains and rice prevent the body from storing fat. Beans and legumes help burn fat, build muscle regulate digestion. Whey builds muscle and burns fat.

Despite what some supplement processors may suggest, there isn’t anything like a safe “magic pill” that can help you burn hundreds of extra calories per day.

However, a number of foods and beverages may meanly increase your metabolic rate, in addition to providing other health benefits.

Considering several of them in your daily diet will definitely lead to fat loss and better overall health.